Tips for Children with Autism Modesto CA

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited mental impairment. Melatonin should be considered as a possible adjunct therapy to more effectively manage these associated sleep issues. Read on and find out how specialists in Modesto deal with this problem.

Genesis Behavior Center, Inc.
(877) 828-8476
528 14th St.
Modesto, CA
Support Services
Behavorial Intervention, Other

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SNAFU - Special Needs Advocates for Understanding
(209) 321-6510
1444 W. Main Street
Ripon, CA
Support Services
ABA, Ideas For Finding Therapists, ABA, Therapy Services, ABA/Discrete Trial, Academic Assessments, Activities, Advocates (Special Education), Behavior Assessment, Behavorial Intervention, Disability Advocacy, Early Intervention, Early Intervention, Educational Advocacy, Educational Assessment, FastForword, Floortime, Inflatable Bounce Houses/Parties, Lawyers (Family Law), Lawyers (Special Education), Legal Services, Private School (Autism Only), Private School (Integrated), Private School (Mult
Ages Supported
Preschool,Kindergarten,1-5 Grade,6-8 Grade,9-10 Grade,11-12 Grade,Adult

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MedicAlert Medical ID Bracelets with a 24-Hour Emergency Response Center
(888) 633-4298
2323 Colorado Avenue
Turlock, CA
Support Services
ID Bracelets, Medical

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John Henry Kraus, MD
(209) 579-7706
319 Jones St
Modesto, CA
Specialties
Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: St George'S Univ, Sch Of Med, St George'S, Grenada
Graduation Year: 1995

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Robert B Schorr, DO
(209) 524-9401
3425 Coffee Rd Ste A2
Modesto, CA
Specialties
Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Chicago Coll Of Osteo Med, Midwestern Univ, Chicago Il 60615
Graduation Year: 1971

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Therapeutic PATHWAYS
(209) 572-2589
1115 14th St., Suite B
Modesto, CA
Support Services
ABA/Discrete Trial, Behavorial Intervention, Therapy Providers, Training/Seminars

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MedicAlert Foundation International
(888) 633-4298
2323 Colorado Avenue
Turlock, CA
Support Services
Products/Stores, Support Organization

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Thomas C Wallace, MD
(209) 576-3525
1441 Florida Ave # 200
Modesto, CA
Specialties
Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Ponce Sch Of Med, Ponce Pr 00732
Graduation Year: 1984

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Mark Hamilton Henigan, DO
(209) 524-9401
3425 Coffee Rd Ste A2
Modesto, CA
Specialties
Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of Hlth Sci, Coll Of Osteo Med, Kansas City Mo 64124
Graduation Year: 1986

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Alvin Edward Neumeyer, MD
3504 Oakdale Rd Ste C
Modesto, CA
Specialties
Psychiatry, Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
Gender
Male
Education
Medical School: Univ Of British Columbia, Fac Of Med, Vancouver, Bc, Canada
Graduation Year: 1966

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Tips for Children with Autism

Melatonin for Sleep Disorders in Children with Autism.
Date: Thursday, April 30, 2009
Source: J Clin Sleep Med
Related Monographs: Melatonin




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Autism is a brain development disorder characterized by impaired social interaction and communication, and by restricted and repetitive behavior. These signs all begin before a child is three years old. Autism affects many parts of the brain; how this occurs is not understood. Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. Although early behavioral or cognitive intervention can help children gain self-care, social, and communication skills, there is no known cure. Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful.  About a third to a half of individuals with autism do not develop enough natural speech to meet their daily communication needs. The main goals of treatment are to lessen associated deficits and family distress, and to increase quality of life and functional independence. No single treatment is best and treatment is typically tailored to the child's needs.


Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common cause of inherited mental impairment. Aside from intellectual disability, prominent characteristics of the syndrome include an elongated face, large or protruding ears, flat feet, larger testicles in men, and low muscle tone. Speech may include cluttered speech or nervous speech. Behavioral characteristics may include stereotypic movements (e.g., hand-flapping) and atypical social development, particularly shyness and limited eye contact. Some individuals with the fragile X syndrome also meet the diagnostic criteria for autism.


Melatonin is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in the brain. For years, scientists have known that melatonin's main function was in the control of our sleep patterns. However, more recent research has revealed that it also functions as an important antioxidant. After puberty melatonin output begins a gradual steady decline. Adults experience about a 37 percent decline in daily melatonin output between the ages of 20 and 70 with the majority of the decline occurring after age 40. In 1994, melatonin became a sensation when studies revealed that supplementation provided significant life extension in several different species of laboratory animals. Although long-term studies on humans have not been conducted, melatonin became a popular product in health food stores and pharmacies throughout the country. Melatonin's primary function seems to be its role in regulating sleep/wake cycle. When darkness falls melatonin levels rise which triggers the sleep cycle.


A recent study attempted to determine whether melatonin supplementation could improve sleep problems in children with autism or fragile X syndrome. The 4 week, randomized, placebo-controlled study included 18 children, ranging in age from 2 to 15 years, with autistic spectrum disorder and/or fragile X syndrome who then received either melatonin (3 milligrams) or placebo each night for 2 weeks. The children then "crossed over" to the other treatment group for the remaining 2 weeks. The results from the 12 children who completed the study revealed that treatment with melatonin was associated with significant improvements in total night sleep durations, sleep latency times and sleep-onset times. Compared to placebo, melatonin supplementation increased sleep duration by 21 minutes, shortened sleep-onset latency by 28 minutes, and reduced sleep-onset time by 42 minutes. The melatonin therapy was found to be safe and well tolerated among the study participants. Since sleep problems occur in up to 89 percent of children with autism and 77 percent of children with fragile X syndrome, melatonin should be considered as a possible adjunct therapy to more effectively manage these associated sleep issues.1


1 Wirojanan J, Jacquemont S, Diaz R, et al. The Efficacy of Melatonin for Sleep Problems in Children with Autism, Fragile X Syndrome, or Autism and Fragile X Syndrome. J Clin Sleep Med. Apr2009;5(2):145-50.



This information is educational in context and is not to be used to diagnose, treat or cure any disease. Please consult your licensed health care practitioner before using this or any medical information.

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